- The primary objective of the alliance is to work for efficient consumption of solar energy to reduce dependence on fossil fuels.
- The alliance is a treaty-based inter governmental organisation .
- Countries that do not fall within the Tropics can join the alliance and enjoy all benefits as other members, with the exception of voting rights.
- After the United Nations , it is the largest grouping of states world-wide.
- The initiative was launched by Prime Minister Modi at the India Africa Summit , and a meeting of member countries ahead of the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris in November 2015.
- The framework agreement of the International Solar Alliance opened for signatures in Marrakech , Morocco in November 2016, and 200 countries have joined.
- The ISA is headquartered in GURUGRAM India.
Objective of ISA :
- The launching of such an alliance in Paris also sends a strong signal to the global communities about the sincerity of the developing nations towards their concern about climate change and to switch to a low-carbon growth path.
India has pledged a target of installing 175 GW of renewable energy of which 100 GW will be solar energy by 2022 and reduction in emission intensity by 33–35% by 2030 to let solar energy reach to the most unconnected villages and communities and also towards creating a clean planet.
- India’s pledge to the Paris summit offered to bring 40% of its electricity generation capacity (not actual production) from non-fossil sources (renewable, large hydro, and nuclear) by 2030.
- It is based on world cooperation.
Importance for India :
- The area of Earth located in between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn is called the tropical (torrid) zone.
- This is the part of the world in which the sun can appear directly overhead, and that more-direct exposure means that the sun’s actual effect is greater here; anywhere north or south of this zone, sunlight always reaches the earth’s surface at an angle and is correspondingly less intense.
- The sunniest countries of the world are on the African continent,
- ranging from Somalia- Horn of Africa-, east to Niger, west and north to Egypt.
- For India, possible additional benefits from the alliance can be a strengthening of ties with the major African countries and increasing goodwill for India among them.
Source : PIB, The Hindu , The Indian Express , Wikipedia , LSTV, RSTV , Google
Disclaimer : The notes are free for students preparing for IAS Exams