SOCIO UPSC MAINS
Paper 1 – Politics and Society
Chapter 7 – Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.
- It was a cultural movement.
- Originated in 1960s.
- It was a time of rebellion for many young Americans.
- It is a great example of counterculture. A counter culture is simply a group that openly rejects the norms and values of the larger society.
- Many of the ideals of the Hippie movement came from a small group of New York City writers who called themselves The Beat Generation or Beats for short.
- Hippies rejected the accepted values of American society regarding material success and personal appearance.
- Kennedy’s (JFK) tragic death, the slow progress of the civil rights movement, economic inequality, etc persuaded the youth that problems of American society cannot be fixed.
- Hence the hippies rejected the mainstream American society.
- They kept their hair long when most American males kept it short.
- They often adopted vegetarian diets and practiced holistic medicine.
- Advocated non-violence.
- They almost gave up all of their personnel positions at a time when materialism was encouraged.
- The increasing availability of birth control pill during the 1960s allowed more experimentation with sex leading to a more relaxed standard of morality.
- Some Hippies saw Christianity as a failure and turned to Eastern religions and philosophies.
- Drugs were an important part of the hippie counterculture.
- Around 1965, rock music begin to reflect the music attitudes and styles.
- Disgruntled with American war with Vietnam, Hippies questioned political authority.
- The liberal hippies were living inside of a larger culture that they felt was dominated by conservative values and materialism.
- Sociologist regards Hippie movement as a counterculture.
- Hippies nearly invented the political stands of liberalism, socially supporting a sexual revolution and feminism.
- Immense social conflict occured within US.
- The movement impactedd the entire world in the way that it strives for things uncommon in the American culture.
- They promoted environmentalism at a time when society was least bothered about nature.
- Some sociologists refer to the behaviour of the hippies as deviant behaviour which means they act opposite to the norms.