NATIONAL MISSION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
GS Paper 3: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
Agriculture is crucial for ensuring the food and livelihood security of the country and hence it is important that this sector becomes resilient to increasing climatic variabilities and changes. A resilient agricultural production system is the pre-requisite to sustain productivity in the event of extreme climatic variabilities. Although Indian farmers have evolved many coping mechanisms over the years, these have fallen short of an effective response strategy in dealing with recurrent and intense forms of extreme events on the one hand and gradual changes in climate parameters including rise in surface temperatures, changes in rainfall patterns, increase in evapo-transpiration rates and degrading soil moisture conditions on the other. The need of the hour is, therefore, to synergise modern agriculture research with the indigenous wisdom of the farmers to enhance the resilience of Indian agriculture to climate change.
National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) has been formulated for enhancing agricultural productivity especially in rainfed areas focusing on integrated farming, water use efficiency, soil health management and synergizing resource conservation.
Objectives of the mission
Components of the mission
CCSAMMN provides creation and bidirectional (land/farmers to research/scientific establishments and vice versa) dissemination of climate change related information and knowledge by way of piloting climate change adaptation/mitigation research/model projects in the domain of climate smart sustainable management practices and integrated farming system suitable to local agro - climatic conditions. Comprehensive pilot blocks will be supported to illustrate functional mechanism for dissemination of rainfed technologies, planning, convergence and coordination with flagship schemes/Missions like MGNREGS, IWMP, Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP), RKVY, NFSM, NHM, NMAET etc.
RAD adopts an area based approach for development and conservation of natural resources along with farming systems. This component has been formulated in a ‘watershed plus framework’, i.e., to explore potential utilization of natural resources base/assets available/created through watershed development and soil conservation activities /interventions under MGNREGS, NWDPRA, RVP&FPR, RKVY, IWMP etc.. This component introduces appropriate farming systems by integrating multiple components of agriculture such as crops, horticulture, livestock, fishery, forestry with agro based income generating activities and value addition. Besides, soil test/soil health card based nutrient management practices, farmland development, resource conservation and crop selection conducive to local agro climatic condition are also promoted under this component.
OFWM focuses primarily on enhancing water use efficiency by promoting efficient on - farm water management technologies and equipment. This not only focuses on application efficiency but, in conjunction with RAD component, also will emphasize on effective harvesting & management of rainwater. Assistance will be extended for adopting water conservation technologies, efficient delivery and distribution systems etc. Emphasis will also be given to manage and equitably distribute the resources of commons by involving the water users associations, etc.
SHM aims at promoting location as well as crop specific sustainable soil health management including residue management, organic farming practices by way of creating and linking soil fertility maps with macro - micro nutrient management, appropriate land use based on land capability, judicious application of fertilizers and minimizing the soil erosion/degradation. Assistance will be provided for various improved package of practices based on land use and soil characteristics, generated through geographical information system (GIS) based thematic maps and database on land and soil characteristics through extensive field level scientific surveys.
The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) is envisaged as one of the eight Mission under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) with the objective of promoting Sustainable Agriculture. The thrust areas to be addressed under this Mission are Dryland agriculture, access to information, bio-technology and risk management, etc . NAPCC has made a clarion call to devise strategies to make Indian agriculture more resilient to climate change with focus on improving productivity of rainfed agriculture. This National Mission would cover both adaptation and mitigation measures in the domain of crops and animal husbandry, including research.
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