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Home » THE HINDU,PIB CURRENT AFFAIRS,ANALYSIS 11 OCT 2018

THE HINDU,PIB CURRENT AFFAIRS,ANALYSIS 11 OCT 2018

Note:  The following Current affairs has been selected from AIR, PIB, PRS, BBC, The Hindu, IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses), Live mint, Indian Express, Quora.com, Hindustan Times, Telegraph, The Times , WTO, New Indian express , The Guardian and is highly recommended for UPSC Prelims and Mains Examination

 

News Analysis: 11-10-2018

National News

General Studies-I : Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

 

Cyclone Titli to make landfall in Odisha today

  • The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has said cyclone Titli, that originated in the Bay of Bengal, became a “very severe cyclonic storm” on Wednesday and was likely to make landfall, gusting at about 145-165 kmph in Odisha, on Thursday.

  • An IMD scientist said that 20-30% of tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal were recurving: instead of moving northwards and westwards, they took a turn eastwards.

 

How are cyclones named?

  • The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) started the tropical cyclone naming system in 2000.

  • The Cyclones worldwide are named by 9 regions — North Atlantic, Eastern North Pacific, Central North Pacific, Western North Pacific, North Indian Ocean, South West Indian Ocean, Australian, Southern Pacific, South Atlantic.

  • Cyclones in the North Indian Ocean basin are named by the Indian Meteorological Department

  • Eight north Indian Ocean countries — Bangladesh, India, the Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand, gave eight names each which was combined into a list of 64 names. One name from each country is picked in an order to name the cyclones.

Why are they named?

  • Tropical cyclones are named to provide ease of communication between forecasters and the general public regarding forecasts, watches, and warnings.

Source: The Hindu

General Studies-III : Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Deadly roads

Details:

  • Data on fatalities and injuries must jolt the government into action

  • The Road Accidents in India report of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways for 2017 comes as a disappointment.

  • By reiterating poorly performing policies and programmes, it has failed to signal the quantum shift necessary to reduce death and disability on the roads.

  • It expresses concern at the large number of people who die every year and the thousands who are crippled in accidents, but the remedies it highlights are weak, incremental and unlikely to bring about a transformation.

  • The lack of progress in reducing traffic injuries is glaring, given that the Supreme Court is seized of the issue and has been issuing periodic directions in a public interest petition with the assistance of the Justice K.S. Radhakrishnan Committee constituted by the Centre.

  • Little has been done to fulfil what the Road Transport Ministry promises: that the Centre and the States will work to improve safety as a joint responsibility, although enforcement of rules is a State issue.

  • That nothing much has changed is reflected by the death of 1,47,913 people in accidents in 2017. To claim a 1.9% reduction over the previous year is statistically insignificant, more so when the data on the rate of people who die per 100 accidents show no decline.

  • Even more shocking is the finding that green commuters — cyclists/pedestrians — now face greater danger on India’s roads, with a rise in fatalities for these categories of users of 37% and 29% over 2016, respectively.

  • Road safety data is a contested area in India. The figures of death and injury from accidents are viewed as an underestimate by scholars; the Transportation Research and Injury Prevention Programme at IIT Delhi, for instance, estimates that cumulatively, road traffic injuries recorded by the police are underestimated by a factor of 20, and those that need hospitalisation by a factor of four.

  • If this is correct, the number of people who suffered injuries in 2017 far exceeds the 4,70,975 reported by the Ministry.

  • It is welcome that greater attention is being paid to the design and safety standards of vehicles, but such professionalism should extend to public infrastructure: the design of roads, their quality and maintenance, and the safety of public transport, among others.

  • The Centre has watered down the national bus body standards code in spite of a commitment given to the Supreme Court, by requiring only self-certification by the builders. Relaxing this long-delayed safety feature endangers thousands of passengers.

  • There is little chance of the NDA government, now in the last year of its tenure, making a paradigm shift.

  • Valuable time has been lost in creating institutions for road safety with a legal mandate, starting with an effective national agency.

  • The Road Safety Councils at the all-India and State levels have simply not been able to change the dismal record, and the police forces lack the training and motivation for professional enforcement.

  • The urgent need is to fix accountability in government.

Source: The Hindu

 

General Studies-II : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Electronics policy moots rejig of sops

Details:

  • The government on Wednesday released a draft National Electronics Policy under which it is targeting a turnover of $400 billion for the electronics system design and manufacturing (ESDM) sector.

  • The policy also suggests replacing the Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (M-SIPS) with ones that are easier to implement such as Interest subsidy and credit default guarantee to encourage new units and expansion of existing units in electronics manufacturing sector.

  • It also recommends providing suitable direct tax benefits, including investment-linked deduction, for setting up of a manufacturing unit or expansion of an existing unit.

  • The draft policy also pitches for support for infrastructure development through formulation of a new scheme or suitable modifications in the existing Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMC) Scheme, for supporting both greenfield and brownfield manufacturing clusters.

  • It also talks about establishing standards setting body in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) to develop standards for electronics, IT, e-governance, among others.

  • M-SIPS was launched in 2012. The scheme provides for capital subsidy of 25% for electronics industry located in non-special economic zone (SEZ) area and 20% for those in SEZ areas.

  • As on September 30, 2018, 265 applications with proposed investment of ₹61,925 crore have been received under M-SIPS, out of which 188 applications with proposed investment of ₹40,922 crore have been approved.

  • So far, investment worth ₹8,335 crore has been made by 139 applicants. EMC scheme was also launched in 2012 to provide quality infrastructure within a cluster.

  • Under the scheme, 50% of the project cost for greenfield EMC and 75% for brownfield EMC is given by the Ministry as grant.

Source: The Hindu

General Studies-II : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Regional conference on ‘Good Governance Initiatives,’ begins in Kohima Details:

  • The two day Regional Conference on ‘Good Governance Initiatives,’ got underway at Kohima today.

  • The Conference, held under the theme “Capacity Building / Technology / Best Practices by Aspirational Districts”, is being organized by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG) in collaboration with the Nagaland Government.

 

Source: PIB

 

General Studies-II : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Cabinet approves Productivity Linked Bonus for Railway Employees

Details:

  • Productivity Linked Bonus (PLB) equivalent to 78 days’ wages for the financial year 2017-18 for all eligible non-gazetted Railway employees

  • About 11.91 lakh non-gazetted Railway employees are likely to benefit from the decision

  • Payment of 78 days’ PLB to railway employees has been estimated to be Rs. 2044.31 crore

  • The Productivity Linked Bonus on Railway covers all non-gazetted railway employees (excluding RPF/RPSF personnel) who are spread over the entire country.

  • Railways were the first departmental undertaking of the Government of India wherein the concept of PLB was introduced in the year 1979-80.

  • The main consideration at that time was the important role of the Railways as an infrastructural support in the performance of the economy as a whole.

Source: PIB



 

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