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Note:  The following Current affairs has been selected from AIR, PIB, PRS, BBC, The Hindu, IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses), Live mint, Indian Express, Quora.com, Hindustan Times, Telegraph, The Times , WTO, New Indian express , The Guardian and is highly recommended for UPSC Prelims and Mains Examination


News Analysis: 10-10-2018

National News

General Studies-III : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management.


Target 1.5


  • Time is running out to keep global warming below 1.5°C since pre-industrial era levels

  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has come out with a clear scientific consensus that calls for a reversal of man-made greenhouse gas emissions, to prevent severe harm to humanity in the decades ahead.

  • World leaders have been looking for greater clarity on the impact of accumulating emissions on climate.

  • The IPCC’s special report on global warming of 1.5°C, prepared as a follow-up to the UN Paris Agreement on Climate Change, provides the scientific basis for them to act.

  • There is now greater confidence in time-bound projections on the impacts of climate change on agriculture, health, water security and extreme weather.

  • With sound policies, the world can still pull back, although major progress must be achieved by 2030.

  • Governments should achieve net zero CO2 addition to the atmosphere, balancing man-made emissions through removal of CO2.

  • There is public support for this and governments must go even beyond what they have committed to.

  • The Paris Agreement aims to keep global temperature rise in this century well below 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit the increase even further, to 1.5°C.

  • The IPCC makes it clear that the human and economic costs of a 2°C rise are far greater than for 1.5°C, and the need for action is urgent.

  • Human activity has warmed the world by 1°C over the pre-industrial level and with another half-degree rise, many regions will have warmer extreme temperatures, raising the frequency, intensity and amount of rain or severity of drought.

  • Risks to food security and water, heat exposure, drought and coastal submergence all increase significantly even for a 1.5°C rise.

  • India, Pakistan and China are already suffering moderate effects of warming in areas such as water availability, food production and land degradation, and these will worsen, as the report says.

  • Closer to a 2°C increase, these impacts are expected to spread to sub-Saharan Africa, and West and East Asia.

  • The prognosis for India, of annual heatwaves by mid-century in a scenario of temperature increase in the 1.5°C to 2°C range, is particularly worrying.

  • There is evidence to show it is among the regions that would experience the largest reductions in economic growth in a 2°C scenario.

  • These are clear pointers, and the sensible course for national policy would be to fast-track the emissions reduction pledges made for the Paris Agreement.

  • The commitment to generate 100 GW of solar energy by 2022 should lead to a quick scale-up from the 24 GW installed, and cutting down of coal use.

  • Agriculture needs to be strengthened with policies that improve water conservation, and afforestation should help create a large carbon sink.

  • There is a crucial role for all the States, since their decisions will have a lock-in effect.

Source: The Hindu


General Studies-II : Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.


NITI Aayog to hold Workshop on Best Practices in International Arbitration


  • In an effort to strengthen dispute resolution mechanisms and to not only encourage ‘Make in India’ but also to ‘Resolve in India’, a workshop is being organised on 'Best Practices in International Arbitration’ by NITI Aayog, in collaboration with ICC International Court of Arbitration in New Delhi on 10 October 2018.

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) is a technique to resolve disputes and disagreements between the parties by arriving at an amenable settlement through negotiations and discussions.

Various Alternative Dispute Resolution mechanisms can be classified as:

  • Arbitration

  • Conciliation

  • Mediation

  • Judicial Settlements inclusive of Lok Adalats


Under this form of Alternative Dispute Resolution mechanism, both the parties involved in the dispute, choose the person to hear and determine their dispute through a consensus


Under the process of conciliation, the intention is to facilitate the settlement between the parties. The parties however, are not obliged or are not bound by the conciliation, in a sense that negotiations can be carried out until the parties arrive at a mutually pleasing settlement.


A mediator is involved in assisting the parties in dispute reach an agreement. The parties in dispute themselves set the conditions of the settlement to be reached.


Lok Adalats:

Establishment Lok Adalat system of dispute settlement system was brought about with the Legal Services Authorities Act 1987 for expediting the system of dispute settlement. In Lok Adalats, disputes in the pre-litigation stage could be settled amicably.

Source: PIB


General Studies-II : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


Mobile Health app for citizens of India Launched by IAF on Air Force Day


  • On the occasion of 86th anniversary, the Indian Air Force has launched an innovative mobile health App named ‘MedWatch’ in keeping with the Prime Minister’s vision of ‘Digital India, Ayushman Bharat and Mission Indradhanush’.

  • The app is conceived by the doctors of IAF and developed in house by Directorate of Information Technology (DIT) with ZERO financial outlay.

  • ‘MedWatch’ will provide correct, Scientific and authentic health information to airwarriors and all citizens of India.

  • The app is available on www.apps.mgov.gov.in and comprises of host of features like information on basic First Aid, Health topics and Nutritional Facts; reminders for timely Medical Review, Vaccination and utility tools like Health Record Card, BMI calculator, helpline numbers and web links.

  • MedWatch’ is the first mobile health app in the three Armed Services and was launched by Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa PVSM AVSM YSM VM ADC, Chief of the Air Staff, on Air Force Day,’ at New Delhi on 08 Oct 18.

  • The MedWatch mobile health app is an Indian Air Force initiative and a small contribution to our citizen.


Source: PIB


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