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Note:  The following Current affairs has been selected from AIR, PIB, PRS, BBC, The Hindu, IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses), Live mint, Indian Express, Quora.com, Hindustan Times, Telegraph, The Times , WTO, New Indian express , The Guardian and is highly recommended for UPSC Prelims and Mains Examination


News Analysis: 09-10-2018

National News

General Studies-I : Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times

Study throws light on megalithic site


  • A reappraisal of a megalithic site done by a research group of Yogi Vemana University of Kadapa at Morlabanda in Anantapur district has noticed 18 dolmenoid cists (burial places) surrounded by slab circles on a big granite hill also locally called ‘Panduvaraguddum’.

  • This megalithic site was recorded about two decades ago, but remained unattended and no detailed study was done on it.

  • The top of the hill has innumerable traces of megalithic habitational settlements as well as burials.

  • There is a perennial spring from a natural water cistern which he believes might have provided water to those living in that area.

Source: The Hindu


General Studies-II : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


Monitoring of Zika Virus Disease cases in Rajasthan

  • Few cases of Zika virus disease have been reported in Jaipur, Rajasthan. The present outbreak in Jaipur, Rajasthan was detected through the ICMR surveillance system.

  • Zika virus disease is an emerging disease currently being reported by 86 countries worldwide.

  • Symptoms of Zika virus disease are similar to other viral infections such as dengue, and include fever, skin rashes, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise, and headache.

Source: PIB


General Studies-III : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management.


India faces threat of deadly heat waves, says UN climate report


  • If the average global temperature rises by more than one degree Celsius from the present, India could “annually” expect conditions like the 2015 heat wave that killed at least 2,000, according to the ‘Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C,’ commissioned by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

  • The report was put together by about 91 authors and review-editors from 40 countries, who had convened in Incheon, South Korea, last week, to assess the feasibility of keeping the average global temperature from rising beyond 1.5 degree Celsius from pre-industrial times.

  • The report stated that capping the rise in temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius would require “rapid and far-reaching” transitions in land, energy, industry, buildings, transport and cities.

  • The 2015 agreement in Paris, considered a landmark achievement, had the world agree to keep rise in temperatures below 2 degrees Celsius and “pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.”

  • With the U.S. withdrawing from the accord, the chances of such an ambitious target were significantly weakened.

  • The global net human-caused emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) would need to fall by about 45% from 2010 levels by 2030, reaching ‘net zero’ around 2050. This means any remaining emissions would need to be balanced by removing CO2 from the air.

  • However, allowing the global temperature to temporarily exceed the 1.5°C target would mean a greater reliance on techniques that remove CO2 from the air, if the aim is to return the rise in global temperature to below 1.5°C by 2100.

  • Many of these techniques, such as carbon capture and storage, were unproven on a global scale and some carried significant risks for sustainable development


Source: The Hindu


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