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Note:  The following Current affairs has been selected from AIR, PIB, PRS, BBC, The Hindu, IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses), Live mint, Indian Express, Quora.com, Hindustan Times, Telegraph, The Times , WTO, New Indian express , The Guardian and is highly recommended for UPSC Prelims and Mains Examination


News Analysis: 10-07-2018

National News

General Studies-II : Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary

SC says it is ready to go live, Centre moots a TV channel

  • The Supreme Court said on Monday that it is ready to go live on camera while the government mooted a separate TV channel for live-streaming court proceedings.

  • A three-judge Bench of Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra and Justices A.M. Khanwilkar and D.Y. Chandrachud said a livestream is only an extension of the ‘open court’ system, where the public can walk in and watch court proceedings.

  • However, with court proceedings beamed live on air, litigants, law students and the public can watch them as they happen

  • People from far-flung States such as Tamil Nadu and Kerala do not have to travel all the way to the national capital for a day’s hearing.

  • Attorney-General K.K. Venugopal proposed a dedicated channel like the Rajya Sabha TV and the Lok Sabha TV for the Supreme Court. He agreed that a livestream would keep a check on lawyers’ conduct inside the courtrooms.

  • With the entire country watching them, there would be fewer interruptions, raised voices and adjournments from the lawyers.

  • He, however, expressed reservations about live-streaming cases involving national security concerns, matrimonial disputes and rape cases.

  • A public viewing of marital dispute and rape case proceedings would seriously affect justice and amount to a violation of the fundamental right to privacy.

Source: The Hindu


General Studies-II : Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary

SC questions female genital mutilation

  • No one can violate the integrity and the bodily privacy of a woman in the name of religion, the Supreme Court observed on Monday.

  • The observation, from a Bench led by Chief Justice Dipak Misra, came after the Centre condemned the practice of female genital mutilation performed by some communities on children as a religious practice.

  • Chief Justice Misra said such practices on children was an offence under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act.

Source: The Hindu


General Studies-II : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


The measure of tests

  • Allowing students to take JEE and NEET twice a year is logical

  • In an ideal system, admission to higher education courses would be based on assessment of aptitude and suitability, and a testing process that is transparent, accessible and fair.

  • India’s policymakers have struggled to create a credible national admissions apparatus for professional degree programmes that accommodates the diversity and plurality of the country.

  • The two-level Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) for admission to technological institutes such as the IITs, NITs and IIITs, and the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for undergraduate medical courses are steps in this direction — although much work remains to be done to make them accessible, especially for rural students who suffer from various handicaps, not the least of which is a shaky school education system.

  • Viewed against this background, the decision of the Centre to form a National Testing Agency to conduct these and some other examinations is a progressive move.

  • A professional agency would look at nothing other than the suitability of the candidate to pursue a particular programme.

  • Of course, there will be those that contend that the better-run States could have their own agencies perform the same task, but the expertise of a national agency is preferable.

  • The objective of aptitude testing in a populous country should be to enable mobility, and access to courses offered in any State.

  • Peer-reviewed standards and curbs on commercialisation can help expand higher education. In the case of medical courses, a common test such as NEET should make it possible to attend any of about 350 medical colleges, of which 175 are run by private entities.

  • The idea of multiple opportunities to take a test in a single year, which the Centre has now adopted for JEE (Main) and NEET, is not really new, and is familiar to students entering universities abroad, particularly those in the United States.

  • In fact, the Ashok Misra committee set up by the Human Resource Development Ministry to review the JEE three years ago recommended that an online aptitude test be offered two or more times a year.

  • The move to make both JEE (Main) and NEET available twice a year is consistent with that advice.

  • However, a computer-based test should not turn into a barrier for students from rural backgrounds, and impose additional expenditure on candidates for preparation, travel to a testing centre and so on.

  • The reservations about online testing on such grounds should be overcome with good planning and allocation of sufficient funds.

  • Equally important is the issue of regulation of coaching institutes — a sector worth about ₹24,000 crore a year, according to the Ashok Misra panel — in order to ensure that the changes do not result in further exploitation of students.

  • Ultimately, any process of reform at the level of entrance examinations can be meaningful only if the school education system is revamped, and learning outcomes are improved.

Source: The Hindu


International News:


General Studies-II : Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.


Modi, Moon inaugurate world’s largest mobile factory’ in Noida

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President of the Republic of Korea Moon Jae-in on Monday inaugurated Samsung’s mobile manufacturing plant, touted as the biggest in the world, in Noida.

  • With this plant, set up on an investment of ₹4,915 crore, the South Korean electronics major plans to make India an export hub, with 50% of its overall production coming from here in the next three years from the present 10%. Samsung said it would almost double its manufacturing capacity to 120 million by 2020 from 68 million now.

  • Speaking at the event, Mr. Modi said the government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative was not just an economic policy measure, but also a commitment of better ties with friendly nations like South Korea. He added that 30% of phones made at the Noida plant would be exported.

  • The move comes at a time when companies globally are seeking to grab a pie of the exploding smartphone market in India, which is the world’s fasted growing smartphone market, where shipments grew 14% to 124 million in 2017, as per IDC.

  • It overtook the U.S. last year to become the world's second-largest smartphone market after China.

  • The Prime Minister noted that India now ranks second, globally, in the manufacture of mobile phones, with the number of mobile phone manufacturing factories rising from just 2 to 120, in about four years’ time, creating 4 lakh direct employment opportunities.

Source: The Hindu

Other Issues in News:


Being an MP not a full-time job: Centre

  • Being a Member of Parliament is not a “full-time” job and legislators cannot be stopped from doubling up as advocates, the Centre told the Supreme Court on Monday. Attorney-General K.K. Venugopal made this submission before a three-judge Bench led by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra on a petition filed by advocate Ashwini Kumar Upadhyay to ban sitting MPs from practising in courts.

  • The focus of the petition is Rule 49 of the Bar Council of India Rules, which mandates that “an advocate shall not be a full-time salaried employee of any person, government or concern”.


Source: The Hindu


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