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Home » FOR UPSC CURRENT NEWS ANALYSIS 16 MAY 2018

FOR UPSC CURRENT NEWS ANALYSIS 16 MAY 2018

Note:  The following Current affairs has been selected from AIR, PIB, PRS, BBC, The Hindu, IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses), Live mint, Indian Express, Quora.com, Hindustan Times, Telegraph, The Times , WTO, New Indian express , The Guardian and is highly recommended for UPSC Prelims and Mains Examination

 

News Analysis: 16-05-2018

National News

General Studies-II : Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary

At last, a scheme

  • Now that the Karnataka election is over, the Centre has finally mustered the courage to submit a draft scheme in the Supreme Court to implement the final decision on apportioning the Cauvery waters among the riparian States.
  • The draft, which gives no name for the authority it proposes to create to monitor implementation of the Cauvery Tribunal’s final award, as modified by the Supreme Court, has been largely drawn from the Tribunal’s directions.
  • It will be a two-tier structure, with an apex body charged with the power to ensure compliance with the final award, and a regulation committee that will monitor the field situation and water flow.
  • The powers and functions of the authority are fairly comprehensive. Its powers would extend to apportionment, regulation and control of Cauvery waters, supervision of operations of reservoirs and regulation of water releases.
  • The draft makes the authority’s decisions final and binding.
  • However, there is an ambiguous clause: if the authority finds that any one of the States is not cooperative, it can seek the Centre’s help, and the Centre’s decision will be final and binding.
  • This can be seen either as an enabling clause to resolve the situation when there is a stand-off, or as one that gives scope to the Centre to intervene on behalf of one State.
  • To allay apprehensions of the Centre acting in a partisan manner, it would be better if it is not given the final say, but mandated to help in the implementation of the Tribunal’s award at all times.
  • There are a few differences between the Cauvery Management Board envisaged by the Tribunal and the authority proposed in the scheme.
  • The Tribunal favoured the chairperson being an irrigation engineer with not less than 20 years of experience in water resources management, whereas the scheme says the chairperson could be a senior and eminent engineer with wide experience in water resources management or an officer in the rank of Secretary or Additional Secretary to the Union government.
  • Similarly, the representatives from the four States would be administrators rather than engineers as proposed by the Tribunal.
  • It is possible that Karnataka and Tamil Nadu may have differing views on the nature and powers of the authority, as well as its name and composition.
  • But it is vital that all States accept the mechanism, and that the authority itself have adequate autonomy.
  • The Cauvery dispute has dragged on for several decades, and it would be unfortunate if the implementation of a final decision arrived at through rigorous adjudication is not monitored by an independent authority.
  • All States should agree to the broad contours of this scheme and comply with the authority’s decisions.
  • The most welcome feature of such a mechanism is that an issue concerning the livelihood of thousands of farmers will be taken out of the political domain and entrusted to experts.

Source: The Hindu

 

 

 

General Studies-III : Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

 

 

India’s Foreign Trade: April 2018

I. MERCHANDISE TRADE

EXPORTS (including re-exports)

  • Exports during April 2018 were valued at US $ 25.91 Billion as compared to US $ 24.64 Billion during April 2017 exhibiting a positive growth of 5.17 per cent.
  • In Rupee terms, exports were valued at Rs. 170052.96 crore in April 2018 as compared to Rs. 158913.79 crore during April 2017, registering a positive growth of 7.01 per cent.
  • During April 2018, major commodity groups of export showing positive growth over the corresponding month of last year are:
  • Non-petroleum and Non Gems & Jewellery exports in April 2018 were valued at US $ 19.80 Billion as against US $ 17.72 Billion in April 2017, an increase of 11.73%.

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IMPORTS

  • Imports during April 2018 were valued at US $ 39.63 Billion (Rs 260084.67 crore) which was 4.60 per cent higher in Dollar terms and 6.43 per cent higher in Rupee terms over the level of imports valued at US $ 37.88 Billion (Rs. 244380.52 crore) in April 2017.

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Source: PIB

 

 

 

 

Other Issues in News:

 

Cong. backs JD(S) as BJP falls short in Karnataka

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  • With the cliffhanger 2018 Karnataka Assembly contest leading to a hung Assembly, all eyes are now on Governor Vajubhai Vala.
  • Both the BJP — which emerged as the single largest party with 104 seats — and the post-poll combine of the Congress and the Janata Dal (Secular) with 118 seats (including one BSP member and two independents), have staked a claim to form the government.

 

Source: The Hindu

 1. Which of the following articles of the Indian Constitution deals with adjudication of interstate water disputes?

 

a. Article 262

b. Article 264

c. Article 261

d. All of the above

 

Answer-a

 

2.The provision of "Anti defection" is featured in?

 

a. 9th Schedule

b. 11th Schedule

c. 10th Schedule

d. 12th Schedule

 

Answer-c

 

 

3. Which of the following statements are true with respect to the Inter state water disputes act?

 

1. A state government can approach the Centre to refer the dispute to a tribunal, whose decision is considered final

2.Supreme Court shall not question the Award or formula given by tribunal

 

a.1 only

b.2 only

c.Both 1 and 2

d.Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer-a

 

 

4. Who among the following functionaries is the implementing authority of the Antidefection law?

 

a. Speaker of the house

b. Election Commission

c. Part Whip

d. None of the above

 

Answer-a

 

5.Which of the following statements are true with respect to the discretionary powers of Governor?

 

1. Governor, on his/ her discretion can recommend the President's rule due to failure of the constitutional machinery in the state.

2. A hung assembly with no political party willing to form the government is a valid reason for imposition of President's Rule

 

a.1 only

b.2 only

c.Both 1 and 2

d.Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer-c

 

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