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Home » THE HINDU, PIB CURRENT AFFAIRS 14 MAY 2018

THE HINDU, PIB CURRENT AFFAIRS 14 MAY 2018

Note:  The following Current affairs has been selected from AIR, PIB, PRS, BBC, The Hindu, IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses), Live mint, Indian Express, Quora.com, Hindustan Times, Telegraph, The Times , WTO, New Indian express , The Guardian and is highly recommended for UPSC Prelims and Mains Examination

 

News Analysis: 14-05-2018

National News

General Studies-II : Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

 

Domestic Violence Act for divorced women too

  • The Domestic Violence Act — meant to punish men who abuse women in a relationship — extends to all man-woman relationships, and also protects divorced women from their former husbands, the Supreme Court has upheld.
  • A three-judge Bench of Justices Ranjan Gogoi, R. Banumathi and Naveen Sinha confirmed a Rajasthan High Court ruling of 2013 that the term ‘domestic violence’ cannot be restrained to marital relations alone.
  • The Supreme Court’s recent order, based on a question of law raised by advocate Dushyant Parashar, found no reason to differ with the High Court’s conclusion that ‘domestic relationship’ includes “consanguinity, marriage, a relationship in the nature of marriage, adoption or as family members living together as a joint family”.
  • The court held that domestic violence can continue even after divorce and the reach of the Act should not be shackled by confining only for the protection of women living in marriage.
  • It illustrated how a divorcee husband could resort to violence by entering the workplace of his former wife to commit an act of violence, or even attempt to communicate with her, or threaten or cause violence to her relatives or dependents or any other person.
  •  It amounts to domestic violence if the former husband tried to dispossess the woman from a jointly-owned property or refuse to return her ‘stridhan’ or valuable security or other property. The Act brings all these acts of violence within its ambit.

Source: The Hindu

General Studies-II : Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary

Collective assertion

  • It may no longer be possible for the Union government to delay Justice K.M. Joseph’s elevation to the Supreme Court.
  • The five-member collegium has unanimously agreed, in principle, to reiterate its recommendation to appoint the Chief Justice of the Uttarakhand High Court as a judge of the Supreme Court.
  • When reiterated unanimously, the Centre is bound to act on the collegium resolution, going by the law laid down by the Supreme Court in the Third Judges Case of 1998.
  • The Centre, which denies that its objection had anything to do with Justice Joseph’s decision in 2016 to quash the imposition of President’s Rule in Uttarakhand, ought not to delay his appointment once the reiteration is formally made.
  • However, it is puzzling that the collegium didn’t send its reiteration to the Centre immediately.
  • It has decided that his name would be part of the next set of recommendations, which would include proposals to elevate the Chief Justices of some more high courts.
  • One explanation for this could be that the collegium wants to address the concern the Centre has indirectly raised about the need for fair representation to all high courts.
  • While objecting to Justice Joseph’s appointment on the ground that he was not senior enough, the Centre spoke about ‘excessive representation’ that a relatively ‘small’ high court (the Kerala High Court) may get after his appointment.
  • While the unanimous reiteration may end the current controversy, there is a larger issue here: the propriety of the Centre holding back one or two names from a list of recommendations and clearing the rest.
  • Justice Joseph’s name was sent along with that of senior advocate Indu Malhotra in January, but the Centre took three months to act on it.
  • It cleared her name alone, while seeking reconsideration of Justice Joseph’s name.
  • That it has a right to raise a particular judge’s case is beyond question, but selectively approving some names from a batch of recommendations can make a difference to the seniority of the judges concerned — especially when seniority is the sole consideration for appointment of the Chief Justice as well as membership of the collegium.
  • In a judge-recommended system of appointments, one that is peculiar to India, differences over particular candidates cannot be avoided, but it ought to be possible for the two sides to minimise these differences and act expeditiously.
  • The onus is more on the government of the day to ensure it is not seen as blocking the appointment of anyone the judges themselves have found fit and deserving.
  • It does not augur well for the institution if the present consultative process, admittedly not an ideal one for a diverse democracy, is seen to be vitiated by executive intransigence.

 

Source: The Hindu

General Studies-II : Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

 

Centre plans ordinance on SC/ST Act

  • The government is planning to issue an ordinance to overturn the Supreme Court’s verdict that bars immediate arrest of individuals accused of discriminating against Dalits under the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act and introduce a Bill to insulate the Act from further judicial scrutiny.
  • The government may introduce the Bill in the monsoon session of Parliament to incorporate the legislation in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution. Any law under it cannot be challenged in court.
  • Once included in the Ninth Schedule, the legislation gets protection under Article 31-B (validation of certain Acts and Regulations) and is not subject to judicial scrutiny

Source: The Hindu

General Studies-II : Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

‘Release records on Shastri death’

  • The Central Information Commission has directed the Prime Minister’s Office and the Ministries of External Affairs and Home to make public the records of the Raj Narain committee, constituted in 1977 to look into the mysterious death of the then Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri, in 1966.
  • The committee was reportedly constituted by the Janata Party government to look into the circumstances surrounding the death of Shastri on January 11, 1966 in Tashkent, hours after signing a declaration with Pakistan President Muhammad Ayub Khan after the 1965 war.
  • The records related to the committee are reportedly untraceable, the commission noted.
  • Information Commissioner Sridhar Acharyulu also directed the PMO and the Ministries to publish the statement of categories of documents regarding the death of the second Prime Minister of the country that are available with them.
  • Shastri died in Tashkent where he had gone for talks with the Pakistan President moderated by Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin.
  • Although he reportedly died after a massive heart attack, questions were raised on the circumstances of his death on foreign soil when the Cold War was at its peak.
  • The conspiracy theories were further fuelled after the Central government started denying documents, under the RTI Act, related to his death calling them secret and disclosure prejudicial to the interests of the country.
  • The CIC in 2011 while hearing a case had directed disclosure of 11 pages related to the death of Shastri but allowed withholding one document of the External Affairs Ministry which had reference to ‘Mukti Bahini’.

Source: The Hindu

 

General Studies-III : Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

 

ISRO making green propellant

  • Scientists at the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) have reported progress in the development of an environment-friendly propellant to power satellites and spacecraft.
  • The effort is to replace the conventional hydrazine rocket fuel, a highly toxic and carcinogenic chemical, with a greener propellant for future missions.
  • Initial tests by a research team at the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) here have shown promising results in the formulation and associated tests of a propellant blend based on hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN).
  • Due to its high performance characteristics, hydrazine has dominated the space industry as the choice of propellant for over six decades despite the hazards.
  • The LPSC team comprising Arpita Dash, B. Radhika and R. Narayan formulated the HAN-based monopropellant and carried out a variety of tests to investigate its characteristics, like thermal and catalytic decomposition and compatibility with different materials.
  • A monopropellant is a chemical propulsion fuel which does not require a separate oxidizer. It is used extensively in satellite thrusters for orbital correction and orientation control.

Source: The Hindu

 

General Studies-III : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management.

 

Don’t get into tusk trouble, says SC

  • The court was examining the Kerala Forests Act of 1961 and the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 in a case dealing with the alleged unauthorised collection and storage of elephant tusks, possession of an unlicensed gun and other accessories by an individual in Wayanad two decades ago.
  • The Supreme Court observed that there is a clear “declaration” in the 1972 Act on elephant tusks being government property.
  • Conservationists campaigning to curb ivory-trafficking and poaching got a boost with the order.
  • Even in the case of captive elephants, either the government keeps custody of tusks or owners are permitted to retain them if they give an undertaking that they would not be traded, he said.
  • Mr. Elias moved the District Judge, who ruled that tusks were not ‘forest produce’. The Kerala High Court agreed. An appeal in the apex court followed.
  • ‘Forest produce’ under the 1961 Act defines many things, including timber, charcoal, wood oil, gum, resin, natural varnish, flowers and fruits, but does not mention tusks.

Source: The Hindu

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IMPORTANT QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS FOR UPSC EXAM 2018

1.  The Raj Narain committee recently seen in news is related to?

 

a. Education reforms

b. Social Security reforms

c. Ease of doing business

d. None of the above

 

Answer-d

 

 

2. Which of the following statements are true with respect to rocket propellants?

 

1.Hydrazine has dominated the space industry as the choice of propellant

2.Although known for its high performance hydrazine is highly toxic and a carcinogenic chemical

 

a.1 only

b.2 only

c.Both 1 and 2

d.Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer-c

 

 

 

3.The Forest Rights Act Confers which of the following rights?

 

a.Title rights

b.Use rights

c.Relief and development rights

d. All of the above

 

Answer-d

 

4.Which of the following articles is concerned with Uniform Civil Code?

 

a. Article 25

b. Article 29

c. Article 44

d. Article 15

 

Answer-c

 

5.Which of the following is the nodal ministry for Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act?

 

a. Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

b. Ministry of Home Affairs

c. Both a and b

d. Ministry of Tribal Affairs

 

Answer-a