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Home » THE HINDU, PIB CURRENT AFFAIRS 13 APRIL 2018

THE HINDU, PIB CURRENT AFFAIRS 13 APRIL 2018

Note:  The following Current affairs has been selected from AIR, PIB, PRS, BBC, The Hindu, IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses), Live mint, Indian Express, Quora.com, Hindustan Times, Telegraph, The Times , WTO, New Indian express , The Guardian and is highly recommended for UPSC Prelims and Mains Examination

 

News Analysis: 13-04-2018

 

National News

General Studies-II : Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

 

Ruling on SC/ST Act is causing great damage, Centre tells Supreme Court

Details:

  • The Supreme Court judgment banning immediate arrest of a person accused of insulting or injuring Dalits is causing disharmony and “great damage” to the country, the Centre said on Thursday.
  • The judgment led to mass protests and violence on April 2, which claimed several lives across the country. The Centre filed a plea to review the judgment that day.
  • The government dismissed the reasoning given by the Supreme Court that it had the power to declare the law when none exists.
  • The Centre’s note said the Supreme Court is bound to uphold the written Constitution, which divides power among the government, the legislature and the judiciary.
  • Each of the three arms of governance has to remain within its own terrain. The judgment is nothing but judicial legislation.
  • The government said the Supreme Court, through its verdict, had encroached upon an area reserved for Parliament and laid down a law contrary to a statute passed by Parliament.

Source-The Hindu

General Studies-II : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

Centre to snuff out ‘toxic’ e-cigarettes

Details:

  • The Centre has informed the Delhi High Court that it is in the process of issuing guidelines to ban the manufacture, import, sale and any kind of trade in e-cigarettes, dubbing it a “new emerging threat”.
  • Terming e-cigarettes or Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems “addictive” and targeted at young smokers, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare said the decision has been taken in the larger interest of public health.
  •  It said the flavouring agent in e-cigarettes was intended towards attracting the youth to a “new nicotine delivery product”.
  • The Ministry submitted that the chief constituent of e-cigarettes was nicotine, which was addictive.
  • It also has a high level of toxicity and can lead to development of cardiovascular diseases, lung diseases, have adverse effect on the immune and gastrointestinal systems, and raise the risk of miscarriage in pregnant women
  • The Ministry’s response came on a petition filed by anti-tobacco activist Seema Sehgal, through Bhuvanesh Sehgal, seeking a ban or regulating the sale and use of e-cigarettes.
  • Though there are no specific guidelines to deal with e-cigarettes, several State governments and Union Territories have taken steps to prohibit it.

Source-The Hindu

General Studies-II : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

WHO directives call for support for breastfeeding

Details:

  • The World Health Organisation (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) on Thursday issued a new 10-step guidance to increase support for breastfeeding in health facilities that provide maternity and newborn services, which provide the immediate health system platform to help mothers initiate breastfeeding within the first hour and breastfeed exclusively for six months.
  • Breastfeeding all babies for the first 2 years would save the lives of more than 8,20,000 children under age 5 annually, noted a release issued by the WHO.
  • It also recommends limited use of breast milk substitutes, rooming-in, responsive feeding, educating parents on the use of bottles and pacifiers, and support when mothers and babies are discharged from hospital.
  • The guidelines describe how hospitals should have a written breastfeeding policy in place, required staff competencies, and antenatal and post-birth care, including breastfeeding support for mothers.

Source-The Hindu

General Studies-II : Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

 

Crime in Kathua

  • The 15-page chargesheet filed by the Jammu and Kashmir Police’s Crime Branch on the abduction, rape and murder of an eight-year-old girl in Kathua district is chilling.
  • An unspeakably horrific crime has been overlain with an ugly form of communal politics, which has heightened the feeling of vulnerability among the Bakherwal nomadic community.
  • Asifa Bano had been missing in Rasana village since January 10. On January 17, her mutilated body was found, bearing the marks of gang rape.
  • This week, local lawyers tried to prevent the police from filing the chargesheet, and the Jammu High Court Bar Association called for a bandh on Wednesday demanding that the investigation be handed over to the Central Bureau of Investigation.
  • By all accounts, the demand owes less to any faith in CBI impartiality, and more to the ongoing attempt to influence the police’s investigation that has led to the arrest of eight men, including some policemen charged with destroying evidence.
  • The chargesheet lists as the main conspirator the caretaker of the temple in Rasana where Asifa was allegedly held, and threads together the sequence of events.
  • The insinuation that a local police force that reflects the multi-religious composition of the State cannot be entrusted with a case in which the victim is a Muslim and the alleged accused are Hindus must be strongly resisted.
  • It is a shame that the State government, a coalition of the J&K Peoples Democratic Party and the BJP, has been so feeble in criticising the sectarian undercurrents.
  • Protests in Kathua have been going on for months, amidst allegations that innocent people are being framed and demands that one of the arrested police officers be released.
  • An organisation called the Hindu Ekta Manch too populated the protests and two BJP ministers from the State government were present at a rally in support of the accused.
  • The Gujjar-Bakherwal community’s sense of isolation, as the dead eight-year-old is sought to be defined by her ethnic and religious identity, is especially heightened given the backdrop of drives to evict them from what they say are their traditional camping sites in forests.
  • One line of inquiry is that the motive for her abduction and assault was to instil fear among the nomads in pressing for their rights to the forests and commons.
  • But while it is understandable that the nomads are feeling the brunt of the intimidation and it is vital to address their larger anxieties, to superimpose the crime on the tussle over forest rights would be to diminish the brutality brought upon the little girl.
  • The investigation must be pursued for the hate crime it is. It does not just tie in with her community’s rights — along with the Unnao rape case in U.P., in which the victim’s father died in police custody this week, it shows how loaded the system is against those seeking justice.

Source-The Hindu

General Studies-III : Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

 

Pressure on RBI to ease NPA norms

Details:

  • The finance ministry is in discussion with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) for relaxation of norms regarding stressed asset resolution that was announced in February.
  • This follows representation by large banks to the ministry officials as they worry about pressure on profitability due to the revised guidelines.
  • RBI’s mandate to implement a resolution plan even if the loan is overdue for a day, has in particular upset banks.
  • RBI had also mandated that if the solution plan was not implemented within 180 days, bankruptcy process should be initiated.
  • Banks have to make 50% provision for accounts that are referred to the NCLT for insolvency proceedings.
  • According to bankers, the conditions of the resolution plan, as laid down by RBI, are so stringent that it will increase provisioning requirement.
  • That is, banks have to set aside more capital. RBI had issued a circular on February 12 outlining a new mechanism for stressed asset resolution which could result in rise in provisioning requirements.
  • According to RBI norms, if the principal or interest is overdue for one day to 30 days, the account is identified as Special Mention Account - 0 (SMA-0) category.
  • If it is overdue for 30 to 60 days, it comes under the SMA-1 category and if it is overdue for more than 60 days, till 90 days, it falls under SMA-2 category.
  • If a loan is not repaid for more than 90 days, it is classified as non-performing asset (NPA).

Source-The Hindu

General Studies-III : Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

 

IRNSS-1I to enrich navigation fleet

Details:

  • Navigation satellite IRNSS-1I was flown into space from Sriharikota space pad in the early hours of Thursday.
  • The 1,425-kg satellite will shortly become the eighth satellite to join the NavIC constellation of Indian regional navigation satellites.
  • NavIC (Navigation with Indian Constellation), dubbed India’s own GPS, has been designed to provide precise information on position, navigation and time related to objects or people.
  • The eight satellites have a civilian and restricted military/security application to aid security and disaster management and fleet monitoring on land, air and sea.
  • 1I and 1H were planned as backups but became necessary after all three imported rubidium atomic clocks on 1A failed in orbit.
  •  All seven satellites are required for accurate, 24-hour information from the fleet.

 

 

Source-The Hindu

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IMPORTANT QUESTION AND ANWERS FOR UPSC EXAM 2018

1. Which of the following statements are true with respect to Electronic cigarettes?

1. It is a battery-powered device which vaporizes a liquid solution which has no nicotine

2.Currently there are no specific guidelines to deal with e-cigarettes

 

a. Only 1

b.Only 2

c.Both 1 and 2

d.Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer-b

 

2.Which of the following statements are true with respect to Non Performing Assets(NPA)?

1.If the principal or interest is overdue for one day to 30 days, the account is identified as Special Mention Account - 0 (SMA-0) category.

2.NPA is a loan or advance for which the principal or interest payment remained overdue for a period of 90 days.

 

 

a. Only 1

b.Only 2

c.Both 1 and 2

d.Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer-c

 

3.Which of the following statements are true with respect to  The Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989?

 

1. The act provides for Creation of Special Courts

2. There is also a provision for appointment of Special Public Prosecutors

 

a.Only 1

b.Only 2

c.Both 1 and 2

d.Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer-c

 

 

4.The Bhakerwal community recently seen in news are?

 

a. Agriculturists

b. Warriors

c. Weavers

d. Pastoralists

 

Answer-d

 

 

5.Which of the following pairs are incorrectly matched?

 

a. USA-GPS

b. India-IRNSS

c. China-Beidou

d. None of the above

 

Answer-d