» THE HINDU, PIB CURRENT NEWS ANALYSIS 9 JAN 2018
THE HINDU, PIB CURRENT NEWS ANALYSIS 9 JAN 2018
Note: The following Current affairs has been selected from AIR, PIB, PRS, BBC, The Hindu, IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses), Live mint, Indian Express, Quora.com, Hindustan Times, Telegraph, The Times , WTO, New Indian express , The Guardian and is highly recommended for UPSC Prelims and Mains Examination
General Studies-I : Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
‘No material to probe Gandhi death again’
- There is no substantive material to justify a need to re-investigate the assassination of the Father of the Nation, amicus curiae Amarendra Sharan said in his report to the Supreme Court on Monday.
- Seventy years after the assassination on January 30, 1948, the Supreme Court had asked Mr. Sharan to conduct an independent enquiry into the case files and evidence on the basis of a PIL filed by Dr. Pankaj Kumudchandra Phadnis that a fourth bullet was found and there was a British secret service conspiracy to kill the Mahatma.
- Though Savarkar was acquitted of the charges of conspiracy and no appeal was filed against his acquittal, Mr. Sharan points out that the Justice Jivan Lal Kapur Fact-Finding Commission had analysed evidence and returned a finding that “all these facts taken together were destructive of any theory other than the conspiracy to murder by Savarkar and his group.”
General Studies-II : Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
Larger Bench to decide on Sec. 377
The Supreme Court on Monday referred to a larger Bench a writ petition filed by five petitioners to quash Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code which criminalises homosexuality.
- The High Court had in 2010 found that Section 377 was a statutory provision targeting homosexuals as a class and amounted to a hostile discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation.
- The Review Bench of the Supreme Court, in January 2014, had agreed with its original appeal judgment on December 11, 2013, setting aside the historic and globally accepted verdict of the Delhi High Court.
- The petitioners are not seeking protection only as sexual minorities but recognition of characteristics that inhere to all human beings.
- A right to sexuality, sexual autonomy and freedom to choose a sexual partner forms the cornerstone of human dignity which is protected under Article 21 of the Constitution,
- The apex court said a section of people cannot live in fear of the law which atrophies their right to choice and natural sexual inclinations. It said societal morality changes with time and law should walk and change pace with life.
- The court noted that Section 377 punishes carnal intercourse against order of nature, it added that "the determination of order of nature is not a common phenomenon.
- Individual autonomy and individual natural inclination cannot be atrophied unless the restrictions are determined as reasonable
- The court observed that what is natural for one may not be natural for the other, but the confines of law cannot trample or curtail the inherent rights embedded with an individual under Article 21 (right to life) of the Constitution.
- Its judgments emphasising the transgender identity in the NALSA case and the observations made by a nine-judge Bench in the right to privacy case upholding the right to sexual orientation and choice of sexual partners warrant a relook into its dismissive verdict in the Naz case, said the court.
General Studies-II : Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
Cybercrime victims can complain online
- The Ministry of Home Affairs is all set to launch a web portal where people who have faced online abuse and victims of cyber crimes like financial frauds could register complaints on a real-time basis.
- The Centre also plans to give access rights to banks on the portal to address cases of fraudulent transactions online.
- As per India’s Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In), there was a 21% increase per year in incidents of cyber crime.
- The portal has been readied on the directions of a committee appointed by the Supreme Court to check circulation of child pornography and sexual violence videos on the internet.
- In December, the apex court had asked the Centre to set up a cell within the Central Bureau of Investigation or the Ministry of Home Affairs to report and take down such videos and messages.
- If money has been fraudulently withdrawn through someone’s credit or debit card, the person can log into the portal and register a complaint. Since banks would be given access rights, the concerned bank would receive the complaint and take action immediately,
- The apex court had framed guidelines to set up a centralised portal for reporting of complaints against child pornography and rape videos, they would enable the portal for victims of online abuse, cyber frauds and other financial frauds.
- Where women face online abuse: they can simply upload screenshots of objectionable messages, videos and audios.
- There will be a separate section on the website where child pornography content and gangrape videos could be uploaded anonymously for necessary action.
- There will be one central forensic laboratory where all the latest tools will be available.
- State agencies can access the tools and the files will be stored in the cloud. States could access these tools, as they are expensive software
General Studies-II : Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary
SC for larger warnings on cigarette packs
- The Supreme Court on Monday stayed a Karnataka High Court order reducing the size of pictorial warnings on packages of tobacco products to 40% of the package space.
- The court was hearing several petitions against the High Court decision, including one filed by NGO Health for Millions Trust.
- The court foregrounded the health of citizens over the concerns of the tobacco industry and favoured a government regulation requiring packets of tobacco products to sport pictorial warnings covering 85% of their packaging space.
- The High Court decision to reduce the size of pictorial warnings, saying in a country where illiteracy is rampant, the more prominent the warning, the better impact it would have on the minds of the people.
- Apart from the victim of the habit, the family suffers. The whole society faces peril.
- It is the obligation of the State to make the people aware as regards the injurious nature of these indulgences.
General Studies-III : Indian Economy
Amended Companies Act notified
The government on Monday announced that it has notified the Companies (Amendment) Act 2017, which is set to ease the implementation of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016.
General Studies-III : Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
India unveils Pratyush, its fastest supercomputer yet
- India’s supercomputing prowess moved up several notches Monday after it unveiled Pratyush, an array of computers that can deliver a peak power of 6.8 petaflops.
- One petaflop is a million billion floating point operations per second and is a reflection of the computing capacity of a system
- Pratyush is the fourth fastest supercomputer in the world dedicated to weather and climate research, and follows machines in Japan, USA and the United Kingdom.
- It will also move an Indian supercomputer from the 300s to the 30s in the Top500 list, a respected international tracker of the world’s fastest supercomputers.
- A key function of the machine’s computing power would be monsoon forecasting using a dynamical model.
General Studies-II : Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests
Trump’s outburst deepens Sino-Pak. Ties
- China now appears set for an even tighter embrace of Pakistan, following a possible slide in ties between Islamabad and Washington.
- The rise in anti-American sentiments in Pakistan appears to be conflating with the perception of China as a more reliable ally
- Soon after Mr. Trump’s tweet, Pakistan’s Central Bank swiftly announced that it would use the Chinese Yuan to settle bilateral trade and investment with China.
- The Central Bank’s decision is significant given Islamabad had been resisting this demand from China.
- But one tweet from Trump managed to achieve what months of intense pressure and lobbying from Beijing could not.
- Mr. Trump’s tweet also played into the hands of the religious-Right, now harbouring political ambitions in Pakistan’s elections later this year. The Hafiz Saeed-led Jamaat-ud-Dawah (JuD) demanded the expulsion of the U.S. Ambassador during street protests in Lahore.
- Pakistan would be justified in defining a new geopolitical calculus that covers China and Russia
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