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Note:  The following Current affairs has been selected from AIR, PIB, PRS, BBC, The Hindu, IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses), Live mint, Indian Express, Quora.com, Hindustan Times, Telegraph, The Times , WTO, New Indian express , The Guardian and is highly recommended for UPSC Prelims and Mains Examination


News Analysis: 05-01-2018

National News

General Studies-II : Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.


Why no human rights courts yet, SC asks States

Description: Image result for human rights


  • Noting the rampant problem of orphanages trafficking children under their care, the Supreme Court on Monday decided to step in to protect the dignity of child.
  • The dignity of child needs to be protected. A child cannot be bartered away at the whims and fancies of the persons in charge of an orphanage
  • The Supreme Court said a person found guilty of trafficking children, apart from the punishment, is also liable for violation of human rights.
  • The court highlighted how the Human Rights Law of 1993 makes States responsible for setting up exclusive human rights courts with special public prosecutors in every district.
  • Issuing notices to all the States, the Supreme Court stayed an order passed by the Calcutta High Court against an investigation launched by the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR), into the trafficking of children lodged in orphanages.

Source –The Hindu


General Studies-II : Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.


Notice to govt. on law for working women

The Supreme Court on Thursday asked the government to respond on a petition questioning the lack of implementation of the various provisions of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act of 2013.


The Protection of Women Against Sexual Harassment at Work Place Bill, 2010

  • The Bill defines sexual harassment at the work place and creates a mechanism for redressal of complaints.  It also provides safeguards against false or malicious charges.
  • Every employer is required to constitute an Internal Complaints Committee at each office or branch with 10 or more employees.  The District Officer is required to constitute a Local Complaints Committee at each district, and if required at the block level.
  • The Complaints Committees have the powers of civil courts for gathering evidence.
  • The Complaints Committees are required to provide for conciliation before initiating an inquiry, if requested by the complainant.
  • Penalties have been prescribed for employers.  Non-compliance with the provisions of the Act shall be punishable with a fine of up to Rs 50,000.  Repeated violations may lead to higher penalties and cancellation of licence or registration to conduct business.


The petition,  pointed out that the government at the State level has not even bothered to appoint district officers or local committees under the 2013 Act. There are no appointments of nodal officers or internal complaints committees in certain offices. There has been no move to ensure the reporting and collection of annual compliance reports from workplaces. Hence, the law meant to protect working women has hit a roadblock.

Source –The Hindu,PRS


General Studies-II : Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.


State of conflict


  • The speed with which tension spread from Bhima-Koregaon, a village on the outskirts of Pune, on Monday to bring cities across Maharashtra to a shutdown by Wednesday, is a pointer to multiple failings.
  • It appears that the police had failed to anticipate the potential for trouble breaking out in Bhima-Koregaon and then ensure that normal life continued in the days after.
  • Every year on January 1, a large number of Dalits visit a memorial in Bhima-Koregaon to mark an 1818 battle in which the East India Company, with Mahar soldiers prominent in its ranks, had defeated the Peshwa
  • This year being the 200th anniversary, the commemoration was always going to be larger and more high-profile. The police should, therefore, have increased security.
  • There were also indications of tensions brewing after a vandalisation attempt in late December near the samadhi of a Mahar who it is said had performed the last rites of Sambhaji, Shivaji’s son. This is not far from Bhima-Koregaon and the administration was aware of the incident and its potential for causing trouble.
  • The result of many factors ranging from contested histories, at a more abstract level, to economic insecurities about jobs and livelihood, on the ground.
  • The tensions of this past week have come against the backdrop of neo-reservation movements, such as by the Marathas in Maharashtra over the past couple of years.
  • Demands by Marathas to dilute the provisions of the Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act may be borne of economic and social anxieties — but they, in turn, have created understandable anxieties among Dalits about being left adrift to wage the political battle for their protection on their own.

Way Forward:

The country’s politics must bridge differences by addressing anxieties holistically — instead of nurturing new polarised constituencies by widening these fault lines.

Source –The Hindu


General Studies-III : Indian Economy

SEBI widens net in WhatsApp probe


  • As many as 40 listed companies could come under the scanner of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), as it probes the alleged leak of price-sensitive information on WhatsApp groups by individuals and examines whether companies and their officials were also involved in the matter.
  • The probe relates to individuals — analysts, brokers, investment advisors and company officials sharing unpublished price sensitive information (UPSI) — on WhatsApp groups before such information is disclosed to the stock exchanges, as per regulatory requirement.
  • The insider trading regulations and also the listing regulations clearly bar such actions

Source –The Hindu


International News:

General Studies-II : Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests

‘North Korea’s overture could be aimed at dividing allies’


  • The head of U.S. forces in South Korea warned on Thursday against raising hopes over North Korea’s peace overture amid a war of words between the U.S. and the reclusive North over its nuclear and missile programmes.
  • In a New Year address, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un said he was open to dialogue with U.S. ally South Korea and could send a delegation to the Winter Olympics to be held in the South in February.
  • In response, Seoul on Tuesday proposed high-level talks at a border village and on Wednesday, the two Koreas reopened a border hotline that had been closed since February 2016.
  • The overture was a strategy to divide five countries — the United States, South Korea, China, Japan and Russia — for North Korea to reach its goal of being accepted as a “nuclear capable” nation

Source –The Hindu


General Studies-II : India and its neighborhood- relations.


Pak. releases Jadhav video, India terms it propaganda


Accusing Pakistan of violating the human rights of Kulbhushan Jadhav again, India on Thursday dismissed as “propaganda” another video statement given by Mr. Jadhav that was released by the Pakistani Foreign Ministry.

In the video, which was screened for journalists in Islamabad, Mr. Jadhav, who has been convicted of terror charges by a Pakistani military court and sentenced to death, said he had been “taken care of” by Pakistani authorities and he remained a commissioned officer of the Indian Navy and had been working for India’s external intelligence agency R&AW.

Source –The Hindu


Other issues in News:

Should MPs and MLAs be barred from practising law?[OP-ED]

Rule 49 of the Bar Council of India states that any full-time salaried employee, whether he or she belongs to a corporation, private firm, or the government, cannot practise as a lawyer before a court of law.

Source –The Hindu


Economy looking up, says Jaitley

  • During a short-duration discussion on the state of the economy, Mr. Jaitley said: “All the steps we have taken, we have also paid a price [for them] in the short term.
  • GST rollout, demonetisation, containing of inflation and recapitalisation of public sector banks as major policy decisions

Source –The Hindu, PIB

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