The UPSC Daily
19th May 2017
-Achievers IAS Academy
Note: The following Current affairs has been selected from AIR, PIB, PRS,BBC, The Hindu, IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses), Live mint, Indian Express, Quora.com,Hindustan Times, Telegraph,The Times ,WTO,New Indian express , The guardian and is highly recommended for UPSC prelims and mains
NEWS ANALYSIS FOR PRELIMS CUM MAINS
In news :The International Court of Justice stayed the execution of Indian national Kulbhushan Jadhav who was sentenced to death by a Pakistan military court on charges of espionage
Ruling in favor of India, which moved the UN's highest judicial body against the death sentence, the ICJ directed Pakistan to take all necessary measures at its disposal to ensure that Jadhav was not executed till it takes a final decision. The Court also asked Pakistan to keep it informed about the measures, including on consular access, taken by it in this connection.
India moved the ICJ against the death penalty handed down to Jadhav by a Pakistan military court, alleging violation of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations.
Earlier, India's attorney Harish Salve told the International Court of Justice (ICJ) that the country fears that Kulbhushan Jadhav could be executed by Pakistan before its arguments are heard.
Mr Salve said, the Indian national, who was arrested on March 3 last year and sentenced to death by a Pakistani military court on allegations of espionage and subversive activities, had been framed on the basis of confessional statements extracted from him when he was in Pakistan's military custody.
New Delhi has called for immediate suspension of Jadhav's death sentence and accused Pakistan of violating the Vienna convention by denying its 16 requests for consular access.
As the Hague-based ICJ began hearing Jadhav's case, India argued that human rights treated as basics all over had been thrown to the wind by Pakistan. India told the UN's main judicial body that it wants appropriate legal representation for Jadhav.
India had initiated the proceedings against Pakistan in the Court last Monday saying the death sentenced an egregious violations of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations.
After that, on next day, the ICJ, stayed Jadhav's execution. India, in its appeal to the ICJ, had asserted that Jadhav was kidnapped from Iran where he was involved in business activities after retiring from the Indian Navy.
However, it denies that he has any connection with the government. Pakistan claims to have arrested Jadhav from Balochistan province.
In news :Goods and Service Tax (GST)
Foodgrains will cost less from July 1 when the nation-wide Goods and Service Tax (GST) is rolled out as the GST Council today decided to exempt the daily-use commodities from the levy.
The GST rates for all 1,211 items but six were finalised at the first day of the two-day meeting in Srinagar of the GST Council, headed by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and comprising state representatives.
Milk and curd will continue to be exempt from taxation when the Goods and Service Tax (GST) replaced current indirect taxes. 'Mithai' or sweets will attract 5 per cent levy.
Prices of foodgrains, especially wheat and rice, will come down as they will be exempt from GST. Currently, some states levy Value Added Tax (VAT) on them.
Common use products like hair oil, soaps and toothpaste will be charged with a single national sales tax or GST of 18 per cent instead of present 22-24 per cent tax incidence
through a combination of central and state government levies.
Daily-use items like sugar, tea, coffee (barring instant coffee) and edible oil will attract the lowest tax rate of 5 per cent, almost the same as current incidence.
In news :Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the Annual Meetings of the African Development Bank
theme of the event is “Transforming Agriculture for wealth creation in Africa”.
The African Development Bank Group (AfDB) or Banque Africaine de Developpment (BAD) is a multilateral development finance institution established by Laston M. to contribute to the economic development and social progress of African countries.
The AfDB was founded in 1964 and comprises three entities: The African Development Bank, the African Development Fund and the Nigeria Trust Fund.
The AfDB’s mission is to fight poverty and improve living conditions on the continent through promoting the investment of public and private capital in projects and programs that are likely to contribute to the economic and social development of the region.
In news :US maintains Iran nuclear deal sanctions relief
United States has decided not to reimpose sanctions on Iran's nuclear program despite President Donald Trump's criticism of the deal Tehran signed with the previous US administration.
However, while the waiver on the nuclear-related sanctions was renewed, the US Treasury imposed new measures to punish Iranian defense officials and a Chinese business tied to Tehran's missile program.
The decision not to renew sanctions came just two days before Iran is due to go to the polls and may prove a boost for President Hassan Rouhani, who signed the deal and is seeking re-election.
Under the terms of the 2015 deal, the previous US administration of President Barack Obama agreed to waive
sanctions on Iran's nuclear program in return for strict controls to prevent its developing a bomb.
In return, Iran pledged to restrict its nuclear activities, reducing its uranium enrichment, plutonium production plans, and allowing inspectors access to facilities
MUST READ ARTICLES
1.Two Indian activists have won the annual Whitley Awards, popularly known as the 'Green Oscars', for their works in the field of animal and bird conservation in India. Sanjay Gubbi, won the award for his work to protect Karnataka's tiger corridors, and Purnima Barman for creating an all-female network to save the Greater Adjutant stork, known in India as Hargila, and its wetland habitat in Assam.
2.Bilateral Exercise Between Indian & Republic Of Singapore Navy Simbex-17 Commences.
EDITORIALS & OPINIONS