The UPSC Daily
17th May 2017
-Achievers IAS Academy
Note: The following Current affairs has been selected from AIR, PIB, PRS,BBC, The Hindu, IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses), Live mint, Indian Express, Quora.com,Hindustan Times, Telegraph,The Times ,WTO,New Indian express , The guardian and is highly recommended for UPSC prelims and mains
NEWS ANALYSIS FOR PRELIMS CUM MAINS
In news :INDIA - PALESTINE signed 5 agreements
India and Palestine signed 5 agreements for cooperation in different areas including agriculture, health and Information Technology.
India and Palestine agreed that the challenges in West Asia must be addressed through sustained political dialogue and peaceful means.
In his press statement after talks with Palestine President, Mr Modi said, India hopes for early resumption of talks between Palestine and Israel to move towards finding a comprehensive resolution.
In news :Govt launches 'Operation Clean Money' website to bring illegal wealth on books
Income Tax Department (ITD) has initiated Operation Clean Money.
Initial phase of the operation involves e-verification of large cash deposits made during 9th November to 30th December 2016.
Data analytics has been used for comparing the demonetisation data with information in ITD databases. In the first batch, around 18 lakh persons have been identified in whose case, cash transactions do not appear to be in line with the tax payer’s profile.
Email and SMS will also be sent to the taxpayers for submitting online response on the e-filing portal. Taxpayers who are not yet registered on the e-filing portal (at https://incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in) should register by clicking on the ‘Register Yourself’ link. Registered taxpayers should verify and update their email address and mobile number on the e-filing portal to receive electronic communication.
In news :The Delhi High Court on issued notice to the Centre on a plea challenging the constitutional validity of a penal provision on sexual harassment on the ground that it was "vague" and susceptible to misuse.
The change in section 354A (sexual harassment) of the IPC was brought about after the horrific December 16, 2012 gangrape-cum-murder case.
The petition, filed by advocate Divyadeep Chaturvedi, sought striking down of provisions under section 354A (sexual harassment) of the IPC, including the one which says "a man making sexually coloured remarks shall be guilty of sexual harassment".
The expression "is too vague and makes it impossible for a person of ordinary intelligence to know what is prohibited, so that he may act accordingly," the plea said.
It said this puts the liberty of a person in jeopardy, merely on the basis of the subjective interpretation of the person perceiving himself or herself being subjected to a particular remark.
It said section 354A is "unconstitutional, arbitrary and unreasonable" and violative of Articles 14 (equality before law) and 21 (protection of life and personal liberty) of the Constitution.
The petition also said the provision does not specify the gender of the subject of crime but only of the perpetrator, which is "unreasonable".
As per the provision the gender of the perpetrator is given as man whereas the victim's gender is not specified.
After the gangrape of a 23-year-old woman on December 16, 2012, a committee under the chairmanship of retired Supreme Court judge Justice J S Verma was constituted to suggest amendments to the criminal law to sternly deal with sexual offences.
section 354A (sexual harassment) of the IPC:
In news :China, Vietnam agree to minimize South China sea disputes
China and Vietnam have agreed to manage and properly control disagreements on the open seas, vowing not to take any actions to complication the situation.
A joint statement released by China and Vietnam indicated that both nations will seek to keep maritime peace and refrain from belligerent actions. Despite positive discussions between Hanoi and Beijing last week, the statement said, both sides need to take proactive measures ensure their differences do not widen.
Since his election, Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte has backed off of his country’s previous claims in the South China Sea, presumably to pursue better ties with Beijing. US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson remarked that China’s activities in the South China Sea amounted to an illegal taking of disputed areas without regard for international norms.
Philippine President, Rodrigo Duterte also said, he is open to exploring the South China Sea's natural resources with rival claimants China and Vietnam.
Taiwan, Malaysia and Brunei also claim to own some of the islets and reefs in the South China Sea.
In news :The Andhra Pradesh Legislature passed a Bill to appoint Olympics silver medal winning shuttler P V Sindhu as a Group-1 officer in the government, by amending the state public services Act.
Certain provisions in the Andhra Pradesh (Regulation of Appointments to Public Services and Rationalisation of Staff Pattern and Pay Structure) Act, 1994, prevented the appointment of the badminton player as any recruitment in public service should only be through the AP Public Service Commission, selection committee or employment exchange.
To give effect to the Cabinet resolution, the government decided to amend section 4 of the aforementioned law to enable appointment of Sindhu directly in the cadre of a revenue divisional officer.
Accordingly, state Finance Minister Yanamala Ramakrishnudu introduced a Bill to amend the Act and it was passed unanimously in the Assembly.
The Bill was later passed by the Legislative Council as well.
Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu announced in the state Assembly on the occasion that his government intended to appoint Sindhu as the state's sports ambassador. He said other meritorious sportspersons will also be given government jobs.
Following Sindhu's success in the Olympics last year, the Andhra Pradesh Cabinet had passed a resolution on August 22, 2016, offering Sindhu a Group-1 (gazetted officer) post of her
The government also gave a cash reward of Rs 3 crore and a residential plot to Sindhu in Amaravati.
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OPINIONS & EDITORIALS