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Home » IMPORTANT NEWS ANALYSIS FOR UPSC 21 SEP'16

IMPORTANT NEWS ANALYSIS FOR UPSC 21 SEP'16

ACHIEVERS IAS ACADEMY

The UPSC Daily       

 21st September 2016

Note:  The following Current affairs has been taken from AIR, PIB, The Hindu, IDSA(Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses),Live mint, Indian Express , The wire.in ,WTO and is highly recommended for UPSC prelims and mains

 

News Analysis:

Health:

The recent RGI data released for the Sample Registration Survey (SRS) for the year 2014 indicates 8.16 percent decline in under-five mortality (during 2013-2014) as compared to 5.76 percent decline during 2012-2013.

 

 

Earthquake:

To enable earthquake resistant construction, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and Building Materials Technology Promotion Council (BMPTC) have come out with ‘easy to use’ Earthquake Hazard Zoning Maps at the Country, State and District level incorporating Tehsil level features.

 

What is an Earth quake ?

Watch this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T0AEtX-uPLA

 

Epicenters across the world

 

Smart City:

           

The 27 cities selected in the latest round of ‘Smart City Challenge’ competition in order of the marks scored by them are:

           

S.No

City

State

1

Amritsar

Punjab

2

Kalyan-Dombivili

Maharashtra

3

Ujjain

Madhya Pradesh

4

Tirupati

Andhra Pradesh

5

Nagpur

Maharashtra

6

Managaluru

Karnataka

7

Vellore

Tamil Nadu

8

Thane

Maharashtra

9

Gwalior

MP

10

Agra

Uttar Pradesh

11

Nashik

Maharashtra

12

Rourkela

Odisha

13

Kanpur

UP

14

Madurai

Tamil Nadu

15

Tumakuru

Karnataka

16

Kota

Rajasthan

17

Thanjavur

Tamil Nadu

18

Namchi

Sikkim

19

Jalandhar

Punjab

20

Shivamogga

Karnataka

21

Salem

Tamil Nadu

22

Ajmer

Rajasthan

23

Varanasi

UP

24

Kohima

Nagaland

25

Hubbali-Dharwad

Karnataka

26

Aurangabad

Maharashtra

27

Vadodara

Gujarat

 

Smart city competition :

The India Smart Cities Challenge is designed to inspire greater creativity from municipal officials and their partners, more involvement and inspiration from citizens, and the development of proposals that will produce concrete benefits in people’s lives.

IN THE FIRST YEAR, CITIES WILL COMPETE FOR FUNDING:

  • All states will use standardized criteria to pick their cities for the competition. Every state is guaranteed at least one city in the competition.
  • Cities judged to have the best proposals will receive funding. The remaining cities will have the chance to compete again next year.
  • The challenge will run three times : 2015-16, 2016-17, 2017-18.

Challenge:

  • Indian states nominated cities that meet select cost for abortion criteria to participate in the competition.
  • Each city formulated its own unique vision, mission and plan for a “smart city.” Their concepts reflected the city’s local context, resources, and priorities of citizens. Each city develops a pan-city and area-based proposal.
  • A small number of cities – those with exceptional proposals – are named winners. Remaining cities will have the chance to compete in the next competition cycle.
  • The Challenge required municipal leaders and their partners to consult the public to develop proposals that are both sound and have a high likelihood of being implemented. Proposed solutions must strengthen the city’s governance or its physical, social, or economic infrastructure.

Plan:

  • A Bold Vision: Each city must convey its own unique vision that reflects local context, its resources, and the priorities and aspirations of its citizens.
  • A Pan-City Initiative: Cities should draw inspiration from smart solutions that incorporate the use of technology, information and data to improve services or results for citizens. The pan-city initiative must touch the lives of many, or potentially all, of its citizens.
  • An Area-Based Development Plan: This plan will transform an existing place within each city, creating an exemplar for other areas in the city, or across the country, to follow. Depending on local circumstances, citiesmay choose one of three approaches: retrofitting, redevelopment, or greenfield development.

 

Description: https://ci3.googleusercontent.com/proxy/Ky2re5y_qglbBktftk2GsUT526v1GHxfrEAWuNxpwqK8vkbkSUsyK4bM-XRDy3D2Pjaw5ME85phtZIQGZyjLUwuy5yigVpgFrWx3RcCA0QhzVD7eW-AwhfY=s0-d-e1-ft#http://www.mapsofindia.com/government-of-india/smart-cities-map.jpg

 

Cauvery dispute:

 

The Supreme Court directed Karnataka to release 6 thousand cusecs of Cauvery river water to Tamil Nadu per day from tomorrow till 27th of this month.

The apex court asked Centre to constitute Cauvery Water Management Board in four weeks as directed by the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal in its award.

The formation of the Cauvery Management Board has been a long pending demand in Tamil Nadu. The interstate water disputes tribunal in its final award in February 2007 asked the Centre to establish the powerful institution along with the Cauvery Water Regulatory Authority.

 

Defense:

India successfully test fires long range surface-to-air Barak-8 missile off Odisha

The long-range nuclear capable ballistic missile, developed jointly with Israel,

 the system also includes a Multi-Functional Surveillance and Threat Alert Radar for detection, tracking and guidance of the missile

Barak 8 is an Indian-Israeli surface-to-air missile (SAM), designed to defend against any type of airborne threat.

 

Policy and schemes:

Government says One crore houses will be constructed by 2019 under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna.

 

What is Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojnana(PMAY)?

  • Housing Scheme for All 2022 has been renamed to PMAY – Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana.
  • Scheme aims to construct about 2 crore houses in the country within these 7 years i.e. from 2015 to 2022.
  • People who will be benefited through this scheme will be homeless ones, poor urban people and belonging to EWS and LIG categories.
  • Beneficiary family should not own a “pucca” house
  • The mission will support construction of houses upto 30 square meter carpet area with basic civic infrastructure.

Beneficiaries

  1. Women
  2. People belonging to Scheduled Casts(SC)
  3. People belonging to Scheduled Tribes(ST)
  4. Economically weaker section(EWS)

 

Central Government has planned to grant subsidy for these beneficiaries to buy home. The subsidy amount will be from Rs. 1 lakh to Rs. 2.30 lakhs.

 

Implementation of the scheme:

 

HFA Scheme 2022 Implementation

 

 

India and Pakistan:

In its right to reply at the 33rd Session of the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) in Geneva,

  • India has asked Pakistan to stop supporting terrorism and vacate illegal occupation of Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir.
  • India highlighted human rights violations in Balochistan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and Sindh and persecution of minorities including Hindus.
  • India said it is adversely impacting the stability of the entire region.
  • India called upon the Council to urge Pakistan to put an end to cross-border infiltration; dismantle the terrorism infrastructure and stop acting as an epicentre of terrorism.

 

 

 

UNO

Leaders from 193 countries have adopted a declaration to save lives of over 65 million refugees and migrants and share the responsibility..

The 'New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants' was adopted at United Nations General Assembly's first-ever summit on the crisis.

Also launched a new campaign called 'Together - Respect, Safety and Dignity for All

 

The declaration is not legally binding but calls on countries to protect refugees' human rights, boost humanitarian aid and work on their resettlement.

It Includes:

  • to start negotiations leading to an international conference and the adoption of a global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration in 2018;
  • to develop guidelines on the treatment of migrants in vulnerable situations;
  • to achieve a more equitable sharing of the burden and responsibility for hosting and supporting the world's refugees by adopting a global abortion research paper compact on refugees in 2018.

 

China- Pakistan

  • China will take up with Pakistan the recurring terrorist attacks leading up to the assault on the army camp in Uri as Beijing is deeply concerned that growing Indo-Pak tensions will affect the future of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).

 

 

Description: https://walizahid.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/CPEC.jpg

 

Typhoon

A powerful typhoon slammed into Japan packing winds of up to 180 kilometres per hour.

Typhoon/tropical cyclones /hurricanes:

  • Tropical cyclones are called as Hurricane in the Atlantic, Typhoon in the Pacific and Cyclone in the Indian Ocean.
  • There are no special terms such as “hurricane” or “typhoon” applied based on reaching a certain intensity.
  • Tropical cyclone always moves from East to west.
  • Hurricane is measured using Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale.

 

Formation:

 

Why wind blowing is  counter-clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere? 

 

Watch  it :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i2mec3vgeaI

 

Description: https://shawglobalnews.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/saffir-simpson-scale.jpg?quality=70&strip=all&w=720&h=405&crop=1

 

UP Strike:

​In Uttar Pradesh, lakhs of state employees, affiliated with different unions today began their strike with demand of their 18 point charter of demands.

The main demands of the striking employees include cashless medical facility, house rent allowance at par with central government employees and declaring aanganwadi workers, cooks, MNREGA workers and computer operators as government employees.